My Education

One word substitution in hindi and english

एकार्थी शब्द की परिभाषा भाषा में कई शब्दों के स्थान पर जिस एक शब्द को बोल कर भाषा को अधिक प्रभावशाली एवं आकर्षक बनाया जाता है, उस एक शब्द को english में one word substitution तथा hindi में एकार्थी शब्द कहा जाता है। जहाँ थोड़े शब्दों में काम चल सकता हो, वहाँ वाक्यांश या वाक्य का प्रयोग करना न केवल शक्ति का उपव्यय है, बल्कि समय भी नष्ट होता है।

Word substitution is the use of one word in place of a one-word phrase to clarify sentence structure. अंग्रेजी में भी ऐसे अनेक शब्द हैं जो अकेले पूरे-पूरे वाक्य के लिए प्रयुक्त होते है। आज हम कुछ इन्ही one word substitution का hindi और english में प्रयोग के examples देखेंगे।

One word substitution list a to z in Hindi and English

Abdicate (त्यागना) – To give up a throne voluntarily.

Autobiography – (आत्मकथा) – Like a story of a man written by himself.

Aggressor (आक्रामक) – A person who attacks first.

Amateur (शौक़ीन व्यक्ति) – One who pursues some art or sport as a hobby.

Arbitrator (जज, पंच) – One appointed by two parties to settle disputes between them.

Altruist (परोपकारी) – A lover of others

Adolescence (किशोरावस्था) – Stage between boyhood and youth.

Atheist (नास्तिक) -A person who does not believe in God

Aristocracy (अभिजात तन्त्र) – Government by the nobles

Bibliophile (पुस्तक प्रेमी) – A great lover of books.

Botany (वनस्पति विज्ञान) – The science of plant life.

Bilingual (द्विभाषी) – People who speak two languages.

Catalog (सूचीपत्र) – A list of books.

Centenary (शताब्दी) – Celebration of a hundredth year.

Colleague (सहकर्मी) – A co-worker or a fellow worker in the same institution.

Contemporaries (समकालीन) – Persons living in the same age.

Credulous (विश्वासप्रवणता) – A person who readily leaves whatever is told to him.

Cosmopolitan (सर्वदेशीय) – A man who is broad and international in outlook.

Celibacy (अविवाहित जीवन) – To abstain from sex.

Carnivorous (मांसाहारी) -One who lives on flesh

Cannibal (नरभक्षी) – One who feeds on human flesh

Deteriorate (बिगड़ जाना) – To go from bad to worse.

Democracy (प्रजातंत्र)  – Government of the people, for the people, by the people.

Monarchy (राज-तंत्र) – Government by one.

Drawn (दोनों पक्ष में समान) – A game or battle in which neither party wins.

Egotist (अहंवादी) – A person who always thinks of himself.

Epidemic (महामारी) – A disease mainly contagious and spreads over a huge area.

Extempore (अचिंतित) – A speech made without previous preparation.

Etiquette (शिष्टाचार) – Established manner or rules of conduct.

Epicure (रसिया) – A person fond of refined enjoyment.

Exonerate (दोषमुक्त करना) – To free a person of all blames in a case.

Eradicate (जड़ से उखाड़ना) – To root out evil or a bad practice etc.

fastidious (दुराराध्य) – A person difficult to place.

Fatalist (भाग्यवादी) – A person who believes that all events are predetermined or subject to fate.

Honorary (अवैतनिक) – A post that doesn’t carry any salary.

Illegal (गैरकानूनी) – That which is against law.

Illiterate (निरक्षर) – A person who can not read or write.

Hostility (शत्रुता) – State of antagonism.

Incorrigible (असंशोधनीय) – That which is a past correction.

Irritable (चिड़चिड़ा) – A man who is easily irritated.

Irrelevant (अप्रासंगिक) – Not to the point.

Invisible (अदृश्य) – That which can not be seen.

Inaudible (न सुनाई पड़नेवाला) – That which can not be heard.

Incredible (अविश्वसनीय) – That which can not be believed.

Irreadable (अपठनीय) – That which can not be read.

Impracticable (अव्यवहार्य) – That which can not be practiced.

Invincible (अजेय) – That which can not be conquered.

Indispensable (अनिवार्य) – That which can not be ignored.

Inevitable (अपरिहार्य) – That which can not be avoided.

Irrevocable (स्थिर) – That which can not be charged.

Illicit (अवैध) – A trade that is prohibited by law.

Insoluble (जटिल) – A problem that can not be solved.

Inflammable (ज्वलनशील) – Liable to catch fire easily.

Infanticide (शिशु हत्या) – Murderer of infants or killing of infants.

Matricide (मातृहत्या) – The murderer or murder of one’s own mother.

Patricide (पितृहत्या) – The murderer or murder of one’s own father.

kidnap (अपहरण करना) – To carry away a person forcibly.

Medieval (मध्यकालीन) – Belong to the middle age.

Matinee (दूसरे पहर का शो) – A cinema show which is held in the afternoon.

Notorious (कुख्यात) – A man with an evil reputation.

Manuscript (हस्तलिपि) – Handwritten pages of a literary work.

Namesake (हमनाम) – Person having the same name.

Martyr (शहीद) – One who dies for a noble cause

Maiden speech (प्रथम भाषण)-The first speech delivered by a person

Novice (नौसिखिए) – One who is new to some trade or profession.

Omnipotent (सर्वशक्तिमान) – One who is all-powerful.

Omnipresent (सर्वव्यापक) – One who is present everywhere.

Optimistic (आशावादी) – One who looks at the bright side of a thing.

Panacea (सर्वरोग औषधि) – A remedy for all diseases.

Polyandry (बहुपतित्व) – Practice of having more than one husband at a time.

Polygamy (बहुविवाह)  – Practice of having more than one wife at a time.

Postmortem (शवपरीक्षा) – Medical examination of a body held after death.

Pessimist (निराशावादी) – One who looks at the dark side of a thing.

Postscript (परिशिष्ट भाग) – Anything written in the letter after it has been signed.

Philistine (अशिक्षित मनुष्य) – One who does not care for art and literature

Red-tapism (लालफीताशाही) – Too much official formality.

Synonyms (समानार्थी शब्द) – Words that have the same meaning.

Smuggler (तस्कर) – The importer or exporter of goods without paying customs duty.

Vegetarian (शाकाहारी) – One who eats vegetables only.

Venial (क्षम्य) – A pardonable fault.

Veteran (अनुभवी व्यक्ति) – A person possessing long experience of military service or of any occupation.

Zoology (जंतु शास्र) – The science dealing with the life of animals.

उम्मीद करते हैं हमारी यह पोस्ट आपको पसंद आई होगी। अगर पह पोस्ट आपको पसंद आई हो तो इसे shere शेयर करें और यदि आपका कोई सुझाव हो तो हमें comment करके जरुर बताएं धन्यबाद।

Also Read

Categories